Best known for his tales of mystery and the macabre, Poe was one of the earliest American practitioners of the short story and is considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre. He is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction.
After his mother died in RichmondVirginia, inhe was taken into the home of John Allan, a Richmond merchant presumably his godfatherand of his childless wife.
He was later taken to Scotland and England —20where he was given a classical education that was continued in Richmond. For 11 months in he attended the University of Virginiabut his gambling losses at the university so incensed his guardian that he refused to let him continue, and Poe returned to Richmond to find his sweetheart, Sarah Elmira Royster, engaged.
He went to Boston, where in he published a pamphlet of youthful Byronic poems, Tamerlane, and Other Poems. Poverty forced him to join the army under the name of Edgar A.
Military Academy at West Point.
He successfully sought expulsion from the academy, where he was absent from all drills and classes for a week.
He then returned to Baltimore, where he began to write stories. There he made a name as a critical reviewer and married his young cousin Virginia Clemm, who was only Poe seems to have been an affectionate husband and son-in-law.
Poe was dismissed from his job in Richmond, apparently for drinking, and went to New York City. Drinking was in fact to be the bane of his life.
To talk well in a large company he needed a slight stimulant, but a glass of sherry might start him on a spree; and, although he rarely succumbed to intoxication, he was often seen in public when he did.
This gave rise to the conjecture that Poe was a drug addict, but according to medical testimony he had a brain lesion.
While in New York City in he published a long prose narrative, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pymcombining as so often in his tales much factual material with the wildest fancies. The latter contains a study of a neurotic now known to have been an acquaintance of Poe, not Poe himself.
Willis, thereafter a lifelong friend.
Poe then became editor of the Broadway Journal, a short-lived weekly, in which he republished most of his short stories, in There was a brief engagement. Poe had close but platonic entanglements with Annie Richmond and with Sarah Anna Lewis, who helped him financially.
He composed poetic tributes to all of them. In he went south, had a wild spree in Philadelphia, but got safely to Richmond, where he finally became engaged to Elmira Royster, by then the widowed Mrs. Shelton, and spent a happy summer with only one or two relapses.
He enjoyed the companionship of childhood friends and an unromantic friendship with a young poet, Susan Archer Talley. Poe had some forebodings of death when he left Richmond for Baltimore late in September. There he died, although whether from drinking, heart failureor other causes was still uncertain in the 21st century.
He was buried in Westminster Presbyterian churchyard in Baltimore. It owes much also to his own feverish dreams, to which he applied a rare faculty of shaping plausible fabrics out of impalpable materials.
With an air of objectivity and spontaneity, his productions are closely dependent on his own powers of imagination and an elaborate technique.
His keen and sound judgment as an appraiser of contemporary literature, his idealism and musical gift as a poet, his dramatic art as a storyteller, considerably appreciated in his lifetime, secured him a prominent place among universally known men of letters.
The wide divergence of contemporary judgments on the man seems almost to point to the coexistence of two persons in him. With those he loved he was gentle and devoted.
Others, who were the butt of his sharp criticismfound him irritable and self-centred and went so far as to accuse him of lack of principle.Edgar Allan Poe (), American poet, critic, short story writer, and author of such macabre works as “The Fall of the House of Usher” (); I looked upon the scene before me - upon the mere house, and the simple landscape features of the domain - upon the bleak walls - upon the vacant eye-like windows - upon a few rank sedges - and upon a few white trunks of decayed trees - with.
Watch video · Edgar Allan Poe’s poem "The Raven," published in in the New York Evening Mirror, is considered among the best-known poems in American literature and one of the best of Poe.
The works of American author Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, – October 7, ) include many poems, short stories, and one ph-vs.com fiction spans multiple genres, including horror fiction, adventure, science fiction, and detective fiction, a genre he is credited with inventing.
These works are generally considered part of the Dark . The Writings of Edgar Allan Poe: The Collected Works of Edgar Allan Poe (A comprehensive collection of e-texts of all of Poe’s prose and poetical writings, from the original sources and with multiple versions as revised during his lifetime — includes poems, tales, sketches, essays, literary criticism, letters and miscellanea.
Edgar Allan Poe: Poetry and Tales (Library of America) [Edgar Allan Poe, Patrick F. Quinn] on ph-vs.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
In this complete and uniquely authoritative Library of America collection, Edgar Allan Poe's well-known tales of mystery and imagination and his best-known verse are collected with early poems.
Edgar Allan Poe’s Poems, Short Stories and Books. Poe self-published his first book, Tamerlane and Other Poems, in His second poetry collection, Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems, was.