Epic narrative allowed poets like Homer no opportunity for personal revelations. There are three explicit references in Works and Daysas well as some passages in his Theogony that support inferences made by scholars. The former poem says that his father came from Cyme in Aeolis on the coast of Asia Minora little south of the island Lesbos and crossed the sea to settle at a hamlet, near Thespiae in Boeotianamed Ascra"a cursed place, cruel in winter, hard in summer, never pleasant" Works Unlike his father, Hesiod was averse to sea travel, but he once crossed the narrow strait between the Greek mainland and Euboea to participate in funeral celebrations for one Athamas of Chalcisand there won a tripod in a singing competition.
And it was a wonder to behold.
The Muses 35 But why should I care about those things that keep going around an oak or a rock? Let me begin with the Muses, who please Zeus the father with their song, pleasing his great noos as he abides in Olympus.
They tell of things that are, that will be, and that were before, having their words fitted together as they sound forth.
And their voice pours forth without ever being worn down, 40 coming sweetly from their mouths. Glad is the palace of father Zeus the loud-thunderer over the delicate voice of the goddesses which reaches far and wide.
It echoes against the peaks of snowy Olympus and the abodes of the immortals. And they [the Muses] send forth an immortal voice as they give kleos first to the genos of the gods, a matter of reverence, 45 starting from the beginning, telling about who were generated from Earth [Gaia] and the vast Sky [Ouranos], and what gods, givers of good things, were born from them.
Next, they [the Muses] sing of Zeus, father of gods and men, both when they begin and when they end their song. They sing how much he is the most important of the gods and the greatest in power.
They are the Olympian Muses, daughters of aegis-bearing Zeus. They were born in Pieria. The father was Zeus, son of Kronos. Their mother, who mated with him, was Mnemosyne [Memory], who rules over the heights of Eleuther.
For nine nights did Zeus the Planner lie coupled with their mother, entering her holy bed, remote from the immortals. When a year was up, and the seasons came round as the months were waning and the many days were coming to fulfillment, 60 she [Mnemosyne] gave birth to nine daughters, all like-minded, who have song on their minds, in their breast.
There they are, poised to descend from the topmost peak of snowy Olympus. That is where they have their bright dancing-places and their beautiful abodes.
Near them the Kharites [Graces] and Himeros [Desire] have their abodes, 65 amidst festivities. And they [the Muses], sending forth a lovely voice, sing and make kleos for the norms [nomoi] and accustomed ways of all the immortals, as they send forth a lovely voice.
Anyway, back then, they went to Olympus, glorying in their beautiful voice with immortal song. And the dark earth resounded all around them 70 as they sang, and the lovely steppings of their feet made a sound from below as they proceeded towards their father, the one who is king in the sky, with sole possession of the thunder and the gleaming thunderbolt, having defeated, with his power, Kronos his father.
That one [Calliope] is the most important of them all, 80 for she accompanies revered kings. The people, 85 all of them, look towards him as he sorts out [dia-krinein] the divine laws [themis plural] 86 by way of straight judgments [dikai].Theogony, Myths and Meaning by Moya K.
Mason. Ancient Greeks were interested in understanding their place in the world around them. They were very interested in the roots of their existence, and wanted to know how they fit into the world around them.
(4) Earth, in the cosmology of Hesiod, is a disk surrounded by the river Oceanus and floating upon a waste of waters. It is called the foundation of all (the qualification `the deathless ones ' etc. is an interpolation), because not only trees, men, and animals, but even the . The Theogony is an 8th-century BCE didactic and instructional poem, credited to the Greek poet Hesiod.
The Theogony The Theogony is an 8th-century BCE didactic and instructional poem, credited to the Greek poet Hesiod. The “Theogony” (Gr: “Theogonia”) of the ancient Greek poet Hesiod is a didactic or instructional poem describing the origins of the cosmos and the complicated and interconnected genealogies of the gods of the ancient Greeks, as well as some of the stories around them.
Hesiod, Theogony Muses of Helicon, let us begin our song with them, who hold the great and holy mountain of Helicon, and around its violet-like spring and altar of exceedingly. Start studying Classical Mythology. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.